The study of psychology consists of a vast amount of scientific research that explains how individual’s think, behave, and feel. More specifically, how environmental, biological, and social factors influences the mind and behavior, causing abnormalities in brain structure. The Diagnostic Statistical Manual fifth edition (DSM-5) is a clinician’s guide that provides standard classification of mental disorders that plague individuals, families, and communities. According to the DSM-5, the overarching definition of mental disorders consists of three elements: distress (emotional pain and suffering), impairment or dysfunction (inability to perform in school/work or engage in healthy social relationships and activities), and component (failure to adhere to cultural expectations) (Lurigio, 2020).

Post-traumatic stress disorder is listed in the DSM-5 as being the development of characteristic symptoms following exposure to one or more traumatic events (APA, 2013).

PTSD is a trauma and stress related disorder resulting from direct or indirect exposure to an actual or threatened traumatic event such as death, serious injury, sexual or emotional violence affects the individual’s social interactions, capacity to work, and/or other areas of functioning, such as the psychic emotional system (Piotrowski & Range, 2020). PTSD is sometimes referred to as shell shock, combat neurosis, or battle fatigue due to the high number of active military and veterans that suffer from the disorder. Although it is very common in the military it still very much applies to civilians that are/have not served in the military. It is a debilitating disorder that affects cognition, emotion, sleep cycle, and everyday functioning.

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